The Fall of Constantinople, 1453

Scene from the battle defending Constantinople, Paris 1499

Dionysios Hatzopoulos
Professor of Classical and Byzantine Studies, and Chairman of Hellenic Studies Center at Dawson College, Montreal, and Lecturer at the Department of History at Universite de Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

When, at the age of twenty-one, Mehmed II (1451-1481) sat on the throne of the Ottoman Sultans his first thoughts turned to Constantinople. The capital was all that was left from the mighty Christian Roman Empire and its presence, in the midst of the dominions of the powerful new rulers of the lands of Romania, was pregnant with danger. The new Sultan demonstrated diplomatic abilities, during his early attempts to isolate politically the Byzantine capital, when he signed treaties with the Emperor’s most important Western allies, the Hungarians and the Venetians. He knew, however, that these were temporary measures, which would provide him with freedom of movement for a limited time only. To give the final blow on the half-dead body of the Byzantine Empire he had to move fast. He was so much preoccupied by his project of conquest that, according to the contemporary Greek Historian Michael Dukas, his mind was occupied by it day and night. A successful expedition against his enemy Ibrahim the Emir of Karamania, in central Asia Minor, postponed briefly his plans. He was back in his capital Hadrianople in May 1451, where he set in motion his great project. The first step was to isolate the Byzantine capital, both economically and militarily.

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Είναι κακό στην άμμο να χτίζεις παλάτια;

Τα φετινά παλάτια στην άμμο στη λίμνη Χάρισον κοντά στο Βανκούβερ του Καναδά.

THIS YEAR’S SAND CASTLES at Harrison Lake, (nearVancouver, B.C.)

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Canada stops use of one batch of flu vaccine

 Manitoba (Reuters) – Some Canadian provinces have stopped using a particular batch of the H1N1 flu vaccine after six people experienced severe allergic reactions, the country’s health agency said on Monday.

The Public Health Agency of Canada and vaccine manufacturer GlaxoSmithKline Plc have asked the governments of Manitoba, British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Ontario and Prince Edward Island — nearly half the country’s 13 provinces and territories — to stop using a batch of 172,000 doses. Διαβάστε τη συνέχεια του άρθρου »

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Signs That Swine Flu Has Peaked

By DONALD G. McNEIL Jr.

Although federal health officials decline to use the word “peaked,” the current wave of swine flu appears to have done so in the United States.

Flu activity is coming down in all regions of the country, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Friday, though it is still rising in Hawaii, Maine and some isolated areas.

The World Health Organization said Friday that there were “early signs of a peak” in much of the United States.

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Annual Academic Conference on the Asia Minor Catastrophe

The Hellenic League of America, HLA is proud to announce this year’s annual Academic Conference on the Asia Minor Catastrophe, hosted by the Pontian Greek Society of Chicago, on Saturday November 7th, 2009. The event, which is co-sponsored by the Pan-Pontian Federation of USA & Canada, the Hellenic Link-Midwest and the Federation of Hellenic American Organizations ‘Enosis’, will focus on the experiences of Ottoman Hellenes living in Asia Minor, Pontos, and Eastern Thrace during the Hellenic Genocide. A follow-up to last year’s Conference, which addressed several important issues dealing with the struggle for recognition of our Genocide. For more information concerning this year’s conference please visit the Pontian Greek Society of Chicago’s web site [http://ww.pontiangreeks.org]

Conference registration documents and program and the letter from the Pan-Pontian Federation USA , can also be downloaded from the HLA homepage, please see URL link at the very top above for online copy of this press release. Διαβάστε τη συνέχεια του άρθρου »