55 years pass since İstanbul pogrom

Today marks the 55th anniversary of the Sept. 6-7 İstanbul pogrom, when many houses and places of business belonging to non-Muslims in İstanbul were destroyed after a newspaper headline reported that Mustafa Kemal Atatürk’s home in Greece had been bombed by Greek militants.

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Turkey’s Forgotten Islamist Pogrom

By: Alyssa A. Lappen

In 1955, a little-known war was launched on the Greek population of Istanbul.

For 50 years, historians, diplomats and state department officials have touted Mustafa Kemal Ataturk as a great secular leader in a predominantly Muslim region, whose policies modernized and democratized Turkey, shaping it into a Western-style state. But Ataturk was western only insofar as he implemented the Turkification of Gobineau, wherein he substituted the Turks for the Aryans, whose ideology had terrible results in the rise of European Nazism. Regardless, in 1955, barely 17 years after the dictator’s death, a little-known pogrom, driven primarily by Islamic fanaticism, targeted the Greek population of Istanbul, with the intent of driving non-Muslims from Turkey. Διαβάστε τη συνέχεια του άρθρου »

What happened on 6-7 September 1955? (With photographic documents)

Ecumenical Patriarch Athenagoras I of Constantinople inside the ruins of the destroyed Orthodox church of Saint Constantine, Istanbul.

Ecumenical Patriarch Athenagoras I of Constantinople inside the ruins of the destroyed Orthodox church of Saint Constantine, Istanbul.

Supporting the views of Democratic Party, Istanbul Express Newspaper was owned by Mithat Perin, editorial director of that time was Gökşin Sipahioğlu. «Our father Atatürk’s house has been bombed» made the headline of the newspaper’s second issue. On 6 September 1955 290,000 issues were printed, exceeding the usual newspaper circulation of 20,000 papers by far. Members of the Cyprus Turkish Association started to distribute the issue all over Istanbul to agitate the people.

Due to reports from eyewitnesses, the riot started from a place in Pangaltı, nowadays the location of Ramada Hotel owned by a Greek citizen. In 1955 this was the place of popular localities such as the ‘Haylayf’ pastry shop. The riot started with attacking Haylayf pastry shop at 7.00 pm. From here the attacks spread all over Istanbul and all over the country.

Years later journalist Fatih Güllapoğlu interviewed retired general Sabri Yirmibeşoğlu about the Istanbul Riots. Yirmibeşoğlu described the attacks by saying «It was an excellent special warfare operation and it reached its goal.» In those days the Greek authorities announced that the bombings in Thessaloniki were a provocation organized by the Turkish state. Oktay Engin, scholarship student at the Thessaloniki Faculty of Law and agent of the National Intelligence Agency (MİT), and Hasan Uçar, tipstaff of the consulate in Thessaloniki, were arrested in regards with this event. After some time in detention Engin and Uçar were released because of the immunity of consular officials. Later on, Engin was appointed to important tasks in MİT, progressed quickly through the different administrative levels of the state and was promoted to the Governorship of Nevşehir in 1992.

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Pogrom. Painting of Manuil Shechtman 1927

Pogrom. Painting of Manuil Shechtman 1927

Christian houses in Ferikoy und Kurtulus, areas in Istanbul, where  many Armenians and Greeks live, were marked with red or green labels  in the past weeks.

 Kurdish representatives in the Turkish parliament requested  clarification after Agos, Istanbul based Armenian newspaper, had  reported about the incident. It is still unclear who was behind the action.

Agos editor Aris Nalci confirmed to the Austrian news-source, Der  Standard, worried and mainly older members of the Armenian community  called the newspaper and reported about the fact of small red or  green papers hung on their houses. After Agos investigated, they noted that about 100 houses in which, not always but very often,  Armenians still live were plastered with these labels.

«We do not know what all this means,» Nalci said, but some people are  worried. Demands at the city administration and the police brought no results until now. «Nobody knows about it,» says Nalci. «It can be a bad joke; it can however also have a serious background,» said Nalci.

The indictment against the nationalist Ergenekon group is accused of having planned a coup against the government of Prime Minister Erdogan, including planned attacks on Armenians as a tool for targeted destabilization. Διαβάστε τη συνέχεια του άρθρου »

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Istanbul: une marque sur des maisons de chrétiens

church 1955

mercredi 26 août 2009

Dernièrement, à Istanbul, des maisons de chrétiens ont été marquées par des inconnus. Récemment aussi, dans des quartiers de la même ville, où vivent des minorités chrétiennes, en l’occurrence grecque et arménienne, les noms de familles chrétiennes ont été marqués en vert et en rouge sur des habitations. Ces actions évoquent le pogrom de la minorité chrétienne en septembre 1955. En effet, juste avant, des maisons de chrétiens, ainsi que des magasins, avaient été pareillement signalées.

Source: http://www.orthodoxie.com/2009/08/istanbul-une-marque-sur-des-maisons-de-chr%C3%A9tiens.html

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