The Holy Great Female Martyr Euphemia (11th July & 16th September)

Byzantine mosaic of St. Euphemia of the 6th century. Porec, Basilica of Euphrasius.

Byzantine mosaic of St. Euphemia of the 6th century. Porec, Basilica of Euphrasius.

Saint Euphemia is commemorated on September 16, the day on which she was martyred. On this day, however, is commemorated the miracle surrounding her honorable relics, which was manifested at the time of the Fourth Ecumenical Council in Chalcedon. This Council was convened during the reign of Emperor Marcian and the Empress Pulcheria in the year 451 A.D., after the death of Emperor Theodosius the Younger. The reason for summoning this Council was the heresy of Dioscorus, the Patriarch of Alexandria and Eutyches, an Archimandrite from Constantinople, who spread the false teaching that in Christ the Lord there were not two natures, divine and human, but only one, a divine nature. At this Council Anatolius, Patriarch of Constantinople, and Juvenal, Patriarch of Jerusalem, played the most prominent roles. Because a conclusion could not be reached through debates and testimonies from either side, Patriarch Anatolius motioned that the Orthodox and the heretics write down their confessions of faith and then place them in the sarcophagus where the relics of St. Euphemia reposed. They all agreed to this. Therefore, the two confessions of faith were written and placed on the bosom of the great female martyr. The sarcophagus was closed, sealed with the emperor’s seal and military guards were appointed. read more… Διαβάστε τη συνέχεια του άρθρου »

Ιερά Μονή Εσφιγμένου – The Holy Monastery of Esphigmenou

Η Ιερά Μονή Εσφιγμένου. Εξωτερική άποψη. Holy Monastery of Esphigmenou. External view.

Η Ιερά Μονή Εσφιγμένου. Εξωτερική άποψη. Holy Monastery of Esphigmenou. External view.

Ιδρύθηκε πριν τo τέλος το 10ου αι.. Πρωτοστάτησε στην επανάσταση της Χαλκιδικής 1821. Το Καθολικό, τιμώμενο στην Ανάληψη του Χριστού, κτίσθηκε κατά τα έτη 1810-1816 και τοιχογραφήθηκε το 1811, το 1818 και το 1841. Από τα κειμήλια της Μονής πρέπει να μνημονευθούν ο σταυρός ο λεγόμενος Πουλχερίας», η μικροψηφιδωτή εικόνα Χριστού και το υπ΄ αριθμό 14 χειρόγραφο με τις ογδόντα μικρογραφίες του. Διαβάστε τη συνέχεια του άρθρου »